Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus

(27 January 1756, Salzburg, Austria – 5 December 1791, Vienna)
   Renowned chiefly for his consummate mastery of every kind of secular music of the late 18th century, Mozart’s contribution to the sacred repertory, while clearly secondary, is hardly insignificant: his eight masses, nine missae breves, two Kyrie movements, four litanies, two vespers, two oratorios, six cantatas, 17 "Epistle sonatas," four litanies and about 24 motets represent over a tenth of the Köchel catalog listing his works. Most of these were composed as a youth in the service of the archbishops of Salzburg, whom he served with his father from 1769 until his dismissal on 9 June 1781. The better known late works were usually composed for individual commissions, with the notable exception of the C minor mass K. 427 (January 1783, incomplete), written for personal reasons that remain obscure.
   Mozart composed his sacred music in an unabashed secular idiom of the late 18th century with full orchestrations and operatic vocal writing. Choral movements present an occasional fugue as a signal of their original liturgical purpose. Today this music is mostly heard in the concert hall. The best known works include an early threemovement motet Exultate, jubilate K. 165 (1773), the "Coronation" Mass K. 317 (1779), the C minor mass, the motet Ave Verum Corpus K. 618 (1791), and the Requiem mass K. 626 (1791).
   See also Messiah.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — • Biography of the composer (1756 1791) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — orig. Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart born Jan. 27, 1756, Salzburg, Archbishopric of Salzburg died Dec. 5, 1791, Vienna Austrian composer. Son of the violinist and composer Leopold Mozart (1719–87), he was born the year of the… …   Universalium

  • Mozart,Wolfgang Amadeus — Mo·zart (mōtʹsärt), Wolfgang Amadeus. 1756 1791. Austrian composer, among the greatest and most prolific in history. Mozart s over 600 works include 41 symphonies, 27 piano concertos, 16 operas, 19 piano sonatas, and other orchestral and chamber… …   Universalium

  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — ► (1756 91) Compositor austríaco, máximo representante, con Haydn, de la escuela clásica vienesa del s. XVIII. Los años 1770 y 1771 fueron muy fértiles para su producción: compuso más de 200 obras. A partir de 1775 son numerosas las obras… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — (1756–1791)    Christened Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus, the composer had an excellent musical lineage. His father Leopold (1719–1787) was a violinist, composer, and eventually assistant director of the choir at the court of the… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — (1756–91)    Composer.    Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria; he was the son of Leopold Mozart, the Archbishop’s court composer. An extraordinary child prodigy, he embarked on extensive tours, playing in all the major courts of Europe. In 1782… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • MOZART, WOLFGANG AMADEUS CHRYSOSTOM —    eminent musical composer, born at Salzburg; was distinguished for his musical genius as a boy, and produced over 600 musical compositions, but his principal works were his operas, the Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, and the Magic Flute ; his …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart — Mozart redirects here. For other uses, see Mozart (disambiguation). Mozart circa 1780, by Johann Nepomuk della Croce …   Wikipedia

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